Winooski School District

Light Rain, and 36 °F | Feb 26th: No School

Catherine Lavigne

Catherine Lavigne
Speech Language Pathologist, Preschool – 2nd Grade

Here are some common questions and answers about speech language pathology.

This information has been adapted from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association informational pamphlets “Speech-Language Pathologists in Your Child’s School,” and “Why Choose an ASHA Certified Speech-Language Pathologist.”

What does a speech-language pathologist (SLP) do in schools?

“¢ Screen students to find out if they need further speech and language testing.

“¢ Evaluate speech and language skills.

“¢ Decide, with the team, whether the child is eligible for services.

“¢ Work with the team to develop an individualized education program or IEP.
-IEPs are written for students who qualify for services under Federal and state law
-The IEP lists goals for the student.

“¢ Provide therapy for speech and language disorders

“¢ Click here for more detail about “Speech-Language Pathologists in Your Child’s School”

What kinds of speech and language disorders does a SLP treat?

“¢ Speech sounds, also called articulation ““ how we say sounds and put them together in words.
-Children may say one sound for another, leave out a sound or have problems saying certain sounds clearly.
-Some children are not able to speak at all and need help learning other ways to communicate

“¢ Language ““ vocabulary, concepts and grammar.
-Includes how well words are used and understood.
-Language problems can lead to reading and writing problems too.

“¢ Social communication ““ how to take turns, how close to stand to someone when talking, how to start and stop a conversation, and following the rules of conversation.

“¢ Voice ““ how we sound when we speak.
-The voice may sound hoarse or nasal.
-A child may lose his/her voice easily, or may speak in a voice that’s too loud, too soft, too high or too low.

“¢ Stuttering ““ also called a fluency disorder is how well our speech flows.
-Children may have trouble starting to speak or may repeat sounds, syllables, words or phrases

“¢ Thinking and memory, also called cognitive communication.
-This includes problems with long term or short term memory, attention, problem solving or staying organized.

“¢ Feeding and swallowing also called dysphagia is how well we chew and swallow food and liquid.
-Swallowing problems can make it hard for your child do to well in school and may lead to other health problems

“¢ Click here for more detail about “Speech-Language Pathologists in Your Child’s School”

What do all the initials after your name mean?

Catherine Lavigne, MS, CCC-SLP: Let me break down the alphabet soup of letters after my name.

“¢ I received a master’s degree (MS) in Communication Disorders from the University of Vermont.

“¢ I am also certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Being “certified” means holding a Certificate of Clinical Competence (CCC), which is a nationally recognized credential that represents expertise in the field of Speech-Language Pathology (SLP).

What’s involved in the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association certification process?

Certification is a voluntary process. It verifies that a person has obtained the following:
“¢ Master’s or doctoral degree from an accredited academic program
“¢ Supervised clinical fellowship year
“¢ Passing score on the national certification examination
“¢ Click here for more about “Why Choose an ASHA Certified Speech-Language Pathologist”

Does the State of Vermont license speech-language pathologists?

“¢ Yes. I am also licensed by the State of Vermont.

What are some helpful online resources for speech language pathology?

Click here for the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) website

Click here for the Vermont Speech-Language Hearing Association (VSHA) website